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From Unsustainable to Inclusive Cities
Chapter 1: Promoting Environmentalism, Participation and Sustainable Human Development in Cities of Southeast Asia, by Adrian Atkinson
This chapter analyses progress in realizing sustainable development in three Southeast Asian cities. Reference to sustainable human development in the title indicates that the focus is not only on physical development, which tends to characterize environmentalist approaches to sustainable development, but also on the vital human dimension involved. The case material from Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand provides a basis for generalization about this part of the world. While conditions and progress in the countries of the South vary widely, it is hoped that the lessons drawn here will also be useful for organizations and individuals working elsewhere.