Back to Publication
From Unsustainable to Inclusive Cities
Chapter 7: Alliances in International Co-operation: A Change of Paradigm in Urban Governance?, by Isabelle Milbert
In the course of the last 10 years, new decision makers and organizations have multiplied on the urban development scene: local authorities, private firms, public agencies, representatives of different state bodies, consultants and local action groups. In developing countries a multiplicity of exogenous institutions such as NGOs and co-operation agencies have also turned their priorities toward cities. International co-operation agencies have tried simultaneously to utilize and encourage this diversity of actors, and to co-ordinate them, whether horizontally, at the local level, or vertically, through establishing links between this local project level and the policy level (national or international). One of the means to achieve this purpose has been to try and build official alliances, including, on the one hand, representatives of the civil society and, on the other hand, other co-operation agencies. We shall first try to describe this consensus, and then analyse the case of the Cities Alliance and the Urban Management Programme, which are the most elaborate attempts at building and structuring partnership in theurban sector.